World Waste to Energy (WTE) Market size is expected to reach USD 35.5 billion by 2024,Asia is currently leading the regional waste to energy market, according to a new research report.
November 5, 2016, the China MOHURD,NDRC, MLR and MEP jointly issued the opinions on further strengthening the msw incineration,it require strengthening the msw incineration treatment,arrange the land indicators for incineration first, local land and resources management departments can arrange on local actual single case,reasonable arrangements for the necessary supporting project construction land to ensure the synchronization of facilities or complete the building ahead of the schedule, the site should comply with the relevant policies and standards.Build high standards clean incineration projects, follow the safe, reliable, economic and environmental principles,choose the safe and applicable technology,meanwhile,proposed technical processes, facilities and equipment operation and management issues remidiation for the existing waste incineration plant,shut down those plants whose emissions are not compliant.Implement the lean management,operation and management responsibility system and emergency management plan,take practical effective measures to control the secondary pollution,besides the implementation of environmental protection distance,establish a sharing area for the surrounding residents,provide landscaping, sports and leisure facilities according to local conditions,preferential water supply, heating, power supply services, arrange the residents to work nearby, short-term subsidy for long-term sustainable development, change nimby to yimby,to achieve sharing development.Strengthen the supervision comprehensively,accept public supervision,the wte operators publish the basic operation situation to the community regularly,disclose the pollutant emissions data, social organizations and the public can be involved in the supervision of wte plants planning building and operation according to the law and the regulations.With the rapid urbanization development, urban msw production continued to grow, the overall capacity of facilities is inadequate, the overload operation situation is common, there are? still some of the msw has not been effectively addressed.msw incineration technology can save the land,own high reduction efficiency,waste heat also could be utilized,so it was widley applicated globally.The document require all localities to fully understand,planning in advance,scientific assessment,speed up the building the insufficient msw treatment facilities asap.
December 31, 2016, the MOHURD,NDRC issued the 13th 5 national urban msw harmless treatment facilities building planning,the total investment of national urban solid waste treatment facilities is about 251.84 billion RMB,harmless treatment facilities building investment is 169.93 billion RMB,sollection and transportation system building investment is 25.78 billion RMB,food waste special project investment is 18.35 billion RMB, stock remediation projects investment is 24.14 billion RMB,the solid waste sorting demonstration projects investment is 9.41 billion RMB, the regulatory system building investment is 4.23 billion RMB.Planning proposed that municipalities,planning listed cities and provincial capitals (built-up areas) msw harmless treatment rate reach 100% by the end of 2020,other cities will reach 95% or more,county (built area) reach 80% or more, the town will reach 70% or more,special difficult areas can be relaxed appropriately.MSW incineration treatment capacity of the total harmless treatment capacity will be more than 50%,which the eastern region will be more than 60%.At present, China's wte plants still expand to the wider area, the current waste incineration projects expand from the past provinces and other cities to the county-level region of the coastal economically developed provinces,one county one plant plan in some places.Additionally the proportion of single municipal solid waste incineration to waste disposal is rising,together with the waste incineration plant under construction,some cities have gradually moved towards 100% of waste incineration.By 2020, the country will build msw disposal capacity of more than 870,000 tons / day, still need to build 200,000 tons / day of new projects during the 13th Five-Year Plan" period,as per a conservative estimate, the total investment will reach 100 billion RMB, all wte plants will reach clean incineration standards, the compound annual growth rate is more than 12%,still promising.
March 30, 2017, the general Office of the state council forwarded the NDRC, MOHURD's document municipal solid waste sorting system implementation proposal,it formulated the objectives of the implementation of the msw sorting system,incentive mechanism and so on,46 cities will implement the mandatory sorting first.
proposed the basic establishment of waste sorting related laws regulations and standard system, the formation of replication,promotable msw sorting model,
msw recycling utilization rate will reah 35% or more in msw sorting system mandatory implementation cities by the end of 2020.
The Japanese waste market is a mature market but it is still in evolution due to environmental, economic, social and political circumstances, domestically and around the world。Japan has always lived with natural resource scarcity due to geological and geographical limits. Meanwhile the idea of the circular economy is well embedded in Japanese education, culture, and legislation. As the Minister of Environment underlined, Japan has a solid system for waste management and recycling.But Japan‘s waste management is developing. And offers restrained opportunities for foreign know-how and investment.According to latest data,the total waste emissions reached 44,870,000 tons.With approximately 80 percent, incineration is the most widely used method for treating waste in Japan, because of size reduction, respondance to the limited landfill sites and the hygienic standard. As some of the waste incineration plant made too early,so need to shut down, re-build,upgrade or retrofit.
Rapidly increasing solid wastes and the acute shortage of landfills are pushing countries in Southeast Asia to adopt sound waste management practices. Governments are also looking to leverage indigenous resources in order to meet renewable energy targets and become energy independent. As a result, investments in the Southeast Asian waste to power market are on the rise.
The Indian Government has recognized waste to energy as a renewable technology and supports it through various subsidies and incentives. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy is actively promoting all the technology options available for energy recovery from urban and industrial wastes. MNRE is also promoting the research on waste to energy by providing financial support for R&D projects on cost sharing basis in accordance with the R&D Policy of the MNRE.? In addition to that, MNRE also provides financial support for projects involving applied R&D and studies on resource assessment, technology up-gradation and performance evaluation. The country’s latest Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) report indicate the discharge of 144,165 tonnes per day (TPD) in the country, and this is projected to go up to a whopping 265,834 TPD by 2017.the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change recently reviewed the MSW (Management and Handling) Rules 2000, and issued the draft Solid Waste Management Rules 2015. As many as 24 waste-to-energy projects to produce 233MW are currently in different stages of construction and five projects of 79MW have already been tendered, adding up to a total of 312 MW. Once all this capacity comes on stream, India’s waste-to-energy capacity will go up by six-fold from the current 53MW produced from five such projects.
As per estimates by the urban development ministry, about Rs.65,000 crore of public and private investments will flow into city waste management, cleanliness and waste-to energy projects over the next three years.
The central government’s recently revised tariff policy that mandates power distributors to buy all the electricity from waste-to-energy plants in a state and the remunerative tariff set for it by the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) has helped raise investor interest in this segment.
CERC fixed a tariff of Rs.7.9 per kilowatt hour of electricity sold by waste-to-energy plants, compared to about Rs.2.5 applicable for many thermal power plants.The central government is giving Rs.15,000 crore to municipal corporations over the next three years under the Swachh Bharat Mission for cleanliness, waste-management and waste-to-energy projects. It has also requested these bodies to give priority to these projects while utilising the cash transfers that they get from central government as mandated by the 14th Finance Commission. These allocations, together with private partnerships, could result in an investment of about Rs.65,000 crore in these projects.
New waste-to-energy capacity is coming up in places like Nalgonda district and Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation in Telangana, Bawana and Kidwai Nagar in Delhi, Jabalpur and Indore in Madhya Pradesh, Pune and Kolhapur in Maharashtra, Pallavaram in Chennai, Allahabad and Agra in Uttar Pradesh and Bathinda and Jalandhar in Punjab.Hyderabad, Pune, Indore and Rajkot have floated tenders for new projects which are to be completed early in 2018.
Turning solid waste to energy in Thailand has high potential due to policy support from key ministries include Ministry of Energy and Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.the guidelines for AEDP (2015-2036), which would focus on waste-to-energy.
The Ministry of Energy targets to promote energy-from-waste production to 160 megawatts of power and 100 kilotons of oil equivalent (ktoe) of thermal by 2021.The 10-year (2012-2021) Alternative Energy Development Plan, aiming to boost portion of alternative energy usage to 25% of overall usage, has targeted to boost energy-from-waste production to 160 megawatts of power and 100 ktoe of thermal from 44.324 megawatts at present. Of the current capacity, 22.23 megawatts are produced from gas at landfill waste, 20.06 megawatts from incineration and gasification, 2.034 megawatts from biogas generated through waste fermentation. Of the current 78.59 ktoe thermal capacity, 1.28 ktoe were from the replacement of cooking gas with biogas while 77.31 ktoe were from Refuse-Derived Fuel, or RDF.Moreover, wastes were also used as fuel at cement plant as substitution to coal.
To promote energy-from-waste production, the government has run campaigns to promote community participation in waste to energy conversion, waste sorting activities, and share knowledge with municipals, communities, the general public, and students to enhance understanding of waste management for environment and energy purposes. It has also introduced measures to promote energy-from-waste production including the adder of Bt3.50/kWh for power produced from incineration and gasification, the adder of Bt2.50/kWh for power produced from gas at landfill waste and biogas from waste fermentation. Moreover, it has also established ESCO Fund to promote energy conservation and alternative energy investment by providing investment assistance to potential operators who lack investment factors. Operators will also be eligible for investment incentives from the Board of Investment, with waiver of machinery import tariff and 8-year exemption of corporate tax and another five-year of 50% reduction in corporate tax bill for alternative energy project.
To motivate energy-from-waste production, a Bt4.54 million budget has been allotted in 2014 to study and improve data on energy-from-waste potential. Without sufficient relevant data, potential operators lack credible information to back their investment decision. This project aims to collect data on waste generation in Thailand and analyze potential area for energy-from-waste production. Community waste sources will be categorized into those with less than 50 tons/day of waste and those with more, possessing development potential for the energy-from-waste production. The study will also gather energy-from-waste production data at present and improve data base to make them more convenience to use so that potential operators can use them in their decision- making process.
Thailand gets strong interest on waste-to-energy power plan,Private companies have shown strong interest in Thailand's plan to add up to 50 megawatts (MW) of waste-to-energy power capacity to cut down on the nation's reliance on natural gas, the Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC) mentioned.About 25 companies submitted applications to build and operate such plants after the commission started seeking contract proposals.?
Thailand is aiming to double the waste energy capacity for electricity to 600 MW by 2036, from 311 MW in 2014, according to its latest power plan.
Waste management has always posed an issue in Indonesia. In 2015, Jakarta produced 7,500 tons of waste each day and has dumped 6,700 tons at the Bantar Gebang dumpsite in Bekasi, West Java. Aware of this problem, the government has picked Waste to Energy (WTE) technology to help tackle the complex waste issue. WTE is the process of generating energy in the form of electricity and/or heat or fuel from the treatment of waste. That would reduce our dependence on fossil fuels as well as eliminate waste by utilizing it as a resource.
The government has introduced many policies from the president and ministries down to local authorities to accelerate the application of WTE in seven cities (Jakarta, Tangerang, Bandung, Surabaya, Surakarta, Makassar and Semarang). The top executive order is Presidential Regulation (Perpres) No. 18/2016 on the acceleration of the development of waste-based power plants or incineration.There is no question that major cities like Jakarta face a complicated,acute waste problem that needs to be addressed quickly.Speeding up WTE to tackle the waste problem in seven Indonesian cities is the best solution available today.
In January 2017, the Indonesian Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources introduced new feed-in-tariff (FIT) and procurement schemes for a range of renewable energy sources. The Minister issued a new renewable energy regulation, Regulation 12/2017 on the Use of Renewable Energy for the Provision of Electricity (Regulation 12). Regulation 12 will lower tariffs paid to private developers, causing some projects to become commercially unviable, but arguably encourages Indonesia's state-owned utility company PLN to purchase electricity from renewable energy sources by lowering PLN's financial burden through indexing all renewable energy tariffs to PLN's local production costs.
Malaysia is a fast emerging economy country with an average GDP growth of 4.6% and its outlook on energy generation and sustainable development are at the center of debate. It is estimated that each 1% growth in its GDP to be associated with 1.2-1.5% increase in total energy demand. An annual growth rate of 3.3% has been projected for municipal solid waste (MSW) production in the country while it lacks a comprehensive waste management network and over 80% of collected MSW is landfilled in inert, and unsanitary sites.It is concluded that retrofitting current landfill sites to capture methane is of great interest as it requires less time and investment in comparison with standard energy-recovered waste incinerator. The use of sophisticated waste incineration plants will be inevitable and other approaches such as gasification, and pyrolysis should be considered as well. Gasification, and pyrolysis are easily adaptable to bulky or powder-like wastes and drying of wet waste is performed through osmosis at no energy expenses. Due to the high level of moisture in Malaysian MSW, they therefore appear to be suitable options. In addition, an upgraded Feed-in-Tariff (FiT) embracing waste-to-energy techniques will effectively help to increase usage of renewable energy sources to acquire a green energy mix.
Most garbage in Iran is now buried. But with a growing population and an economy poised to take off now that sanctions have been lifted, the country will need to deal with a rising mountain of waste.According to the Sixth National Development Plan (2016-2021), Iran is aiming at the production of 700 megawatts of electricity in the form of waste-to-energy power generation.
The UAE Government's Vision 2021 which targets,among other goals,diverting waste from landfills by 75 per cent by 2021.
More than 3,000MW combined gross electricity can be generated using agricultural residue and municipal solid waste in Pakistan.However, the enormous potential has not been exploited so far,though a number of waste-to-energy projects remain in the pipeline since long.
Philippine‘s President Rodrigo Duterte is considering the adoption of waste-to-energy facilities in the country。
On 20th of June 2014 the Vietnam regulation on feed-in tariff support for waste-to-energy power plants entered into force.The tariff level is set to VND 2,114/kWh for power projects using solid waste and VND 1,532/kWh for a period of 20 years.
Sri Lanka generates 7000MT of solid waste per day with the Western Province accounting for nearly 60% of waste generation.Each person generates an average of 1-0.4kg of waste per day.According to the Waste Management Authority and the Central Environmental Authority, only half of the waste generated is collected.
Opportunities available in waste to energy will be explored and encouraged tomitigate the adverse impact on the local environment。
Some Myanmar governments are also eager to build waste incineration plants in the country.
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